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Frequently Asked Questions

Side effects of laparoscopic surgery.

Side effects of lap surgery are:

  • Nausea, Vomiting
  • Infection and fever
  • Pain in shoulder or back due to irritation of diaphragm with the gas which is introduced in tummy to create space for laparoscopy.
  • Injury to organs surrounding the target organ
  • Bleeding can happen due to injury of major blood vessels

Is laparoscopic and robotic surgery are the same?

Although both lap and robotic surgery is surgeon controlled, there is some difference between the two:

  • Better vision: In the da Vinci system, as mentioned the surgeon is sitting and uses the 3-D images from a camera controlled by the surgeon as compared to 2D vision in laparoscopy.
  • Better Dexterity: Another difference is that laparoscopy uses hand-held and non-articulating instruments. The da Vinci system instruments can be flexible and they articulate – they can move like (or better than) human hand and finger joints.
  • Better precision :Another more subtle advantage built into the da Vinci system arms and instruments is the ability to filter the control exerted by the surgeon at the console.The result is a smooth, consistent and precise movement by the mechanical arms and instruments. That is one reason why some surgeons may prefer the da Vinci system for complex procedures that require very precise actions on very small targets.

Is prostate cancer usually fatal?

  • Prostate cancer is a very slow growing cancer fortunately. Prostate cancer ha one of the highest survival rates and only 1 out of 35 will die of their prostate cancers.
  • Almost 100% patients with cancer localized to prostate will survive more than 5 years.
  • If cancer has already spread to other organs at time of diagnosis, about one third will survive beyond 5 years.

What are the warning signs of prostate cancer?

Remember that the signs of prostate cancer are the same as that of benign(non cancerous) prostate enlargement. There are only two ways to detect cancer at an early stage:
  • Rise in blood levels of PSA (Prostate Specific Antigen) is one of the early signs of prostate cancer.
  • A detection of nodule on the surface of prostate during physical examination by a Urologist is another sign of prostate cancer.

  • Following symptoms are seen in both cancerous and non cancerous prostate enlargement
  • Reduced flow of urine
  • Interrupted stream of urine
  • Sense of incomplete emptying of bladder
  • Blood in urine
  • Frequent urination

How do you qualify for a kidney transplant?

  • A person must have an end stage irreversible kidney disease where a person has a need for dialysis or is already on dialysis.
  • You must be fit to tolerate a major surgery.
  • You must not be having any active cancer.
  • There should not be any severe or irreversible heart or peripheral vessel disease.
  • There should be no irreversible or severe psychiatric disorder.
  • There should be no active alcohol or drug abuse.
  • There should be no Severe or uncontrolled pulmonary hypertension.

Is surgery necessary for enlarged prostate?

An enlarged prostate in absence of symptoms or any cancer does not warrant treatment


What happens if bladder cancer left untreated?

An untreated bladder cancer, if advanced stage will likely kill a person within two years. An early stage bladder cancer will cause repeated morbid episodes in terms of repeated bleeding in urine.
An advanced untreated cancer may spread to other organs like lungs or liver or lymph nodes in the groin. Rarely this lymph node may erode into the surrounding major vessel of the leg and cause massive bleeding.


What are the symptoms of bladder cancer in females?

Blood in urine is common and seen in one third. Other symptoms are frequency of urination, urgency, sense of incomplete voiding in some. All these symptoms mimic urine infection!


Does erectile dysfunction affect fertility?

Erectile dysfunction can lead to infertility if it’s so severe that a male is not able to penetrate the partner during intercourse. Even premature ejaculation can have similar consequences if a person ejaculates even before the act of intercourse


What is the difference between impotence and infertility?

Impotence is the consistent inability to sustain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. Infertility is the inability to achieve pregnancy even after one year of regular unprotected intercourse.


urethral stricture cause prostatitis?

A urethral stricture can lead to a urinary tract infection, which can lead to a bacterial prostatitis


How long does it take for frenulum to heal after circumcision?

Frenulum generally takes a month to heal after circumcision.


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